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Revolutionizing AI Security with an AI Bill of Materials (AI-BOM)



In the third chapter of navigating AI/ML security concerns, let’s explore the lightning talk given by Protect AI’s Co-Founder and President, Daryan Dehghanpisheh, at last month’s annual RSA Conference. During the talk, he introduced an AI Bill of Materials (AIBoM) that helps facilitate the adoption of AI security. This innovative concept transforms how businesses manage and secure their AI assets. You can watch the full talk in the video below.

The Growing AI Security Challenge

As companies increasingly rely on AI systems, they face a significant blind spot in the security of their infrastructure. Traditional tools like the Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) fail to address the unique complexities of AI ecosystems. This gap leaves organizations vulnerable to a new wave of cyber threats specifically targeting AI infrastructure. Introducing an AI Bill of Materials (AI-BOM), which provides a comprehensive inventory of assets within your AI environment. Unlike the traditional SBOM, an AI-BOM dives deep into:

  • Model and data dependencies
  • License risks
  • ML system and pipeline details
  • Training data and its origins
  • Known and unknown vulnerabilities

This level of insight is crucial because one cannot secure what one does not know exists. An AI-BOM provides the visibility needed to safeguard AI systems from supply chain vulnerabilities, model exploitation, and more. This holistic approach provides several key advantages:

  • Enhanced Visibility: Organizations gain unprecedented insight into their AI systems, allowing for more effective risk management.
  • Proactive Risk Mitigation: By identifying vulnerabilities across the AI lifecycle, businesses can address potential threats before they materialize.
  • Regulatory Compliance: As AI regulations evolve globally, an AI BOM positions organizations to stay ahead of compliance requirements.
  • Improved Security Operations: Both offensive and defensive security teams benefit from the detailed intelligence provided by an AI BOM.

Revolutionizing AI Security with Purple Teaming

Purple teaming combines the strengths of red (offensive) and blue (defensive) teams to supercharge security operations. An AI-BOM can act as a powerful tool for the following purposes

  1. Data preparation: Ensuring no hidden back doors.
  2. Model testing and training: Detecting vulnerabilities early.
  3. Model deployment: Securing inference servers against threats.

By mapping the threat surface comprehensively, an AI-BOM enhances both offensive and defensive capabilities, making it a vital part of any security strategy.

Staying Ahead of AI Regulations

AI regulations are here, and staying compliant is crucial. An AIBoM helps navigate complex regulations from bodies like the SEC, Federal Reserve, and Department of Energy. It serves as a roadmap to creating a robust AI security posture management system, ensuring regulatory requirements are met.

Advanced AI Security Posture Management (AI-SPM)

Protect AI's Radar stands at the forefront of this new approach to AI security. It offers a suite of features designed to generate and leverage dynamic AI-BOMs:

  • Real-time updates: As the AI ecosystem evolves, Radar keeps the BOM up to date automatically.
  • Transparency and trust: Comprehensive management of AI solutions.
  • Universal policy enforcement: Enforce security policies across all platforms and applications with a single call.
  • Flexible integration: Seamlessly integrates with any MLOps environment at any stage.


Recent events, such as the ShadowRay attack, highlight the growing need for advanced AI security measures. With the increasing frequency and complexity of AI-targeted attacks, organizations must take prompt action to safeguard their AI assets.

The introduction of the AI-BOM within tools like Radar, represents a significant leap forward in AI security. As artificial intelligence continues to shape the business landscape, organizations that adopt these advanced security measures will be better positioned to harness the power of AI while mitigating associated risks.